Think bee balm, daylilies, black-eyed Susans, marigolds, and chrysanthemums in burnt orange, golden yellow, deep rosy pink, and orangey-reds. These are warm colors. They energize gardens, attracting buzzing bees and fluttering butterflies. Perfect for those dog days of summer. When the sun is at its brightest, these colors are too.
Cool colors are typically shades of blues, purples, and pinks, although some red and orange flowers such as nasturtiums are also considered "cool" if they (and their leaves too) have underlying tones of blue rather than orange. White is also considered a cool color when it comes to flowers.
Examples of flowers in cool colors include columbines, bellflowers (Campanula spp.), lupines, hosta, delphiniums, and phlox. Many cool color flowers bloom in spring and early summer and are used in alpine trough gardens.
Silvery or gray toned foliage plants such as lamb's ears and artemesia or wormwood mix well with flowers in cool colors and many of these flowers have foliage that tends toward the gray tones in fact including lavender, salvia, and verbena. Many warm color flowers mix well with cool colors, sedums for example or a mix of complementary colors of bright yellow mixed with purple.
A monochromatic color scheme refers to the fact that all of the flowers in the garden are the same color, pale pink for example, or white. Monochromatic doesn't mean dull however. While each flower is technically the same color, remember that each flower is unique with its own shape and form. Each flower also leaves with its own color of green.
Therefore a garden of white flowers composed of daisies, white roses, delphiniums, and baby's breath, for instance will actually look quite interesting, especially if planted against a backdrop of dark green foliage plants such as ferns or even a wood or wrought iron fence painted black or dark green.
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